MA (English Literature).
Indian Diplomat 1975-2011
Deputy Narional Security Adviser 2011-2013
Indian Ambassador to Portugal (2004-2006) and Thailand (2007-2009)
Secretary (East), Ministry of External Affairs, India - 2010-2011.
Commissioner, Global Commission on Internet Governance - 2014-2016
Co-Chair, Global Commission on the Stability of Cyberspace - 2017-to date.
Chair, Deccan Heritage Foundation India - 2013- to date.
Distinguished Fellow, East West Institute, U.S. - 2013 -to date.
Distinguished Fellow, Observer Research Foundation - 2013-to date
Independent Director - JANA SF BANK 2014-to date
Independent Director - ADC Communications India - 2020
Cyber Policy Issues
International Peace and Security
Arts and Culture