BA in Modern Languages, MPhil and DPhil, New College, Oxford. 2001-06, Executive Vice-President and Chief Operating Officer, Center for Strategic & International Studies (CSIS), Washington DC; during last two years at CSIS, Director, CSIS Europe Programme and its Initiative for a Renewed Transatlantic Partnership. 2007, joined Chatham House (the Royal Institute of International Affairs); currently, Director. Former Chairman, Global Agenda Council on Europe, World Economic Forum. Non-Executive Director, Fidelity European Values Investment Trust. Chairman of the Experts Group, 2014 NATO Summit; since 2015, Special Adviser to the House of Commons Foreign Affairs Committee. Author of a number of Chatham House books and reports.