Studied at the London School of Economics, Cambridge University and Harvard University. 2003-08, served as Minister for Education; 2007-15, Minister for Finance; 2011-19, Deputy Prime Minister. 2011-14, Chairman, IMFC, the key policy forum of the International Monetary Fund (IMF). 2017-18, Chair, G20 Eminent Persons Group on Global Financial Governance. Since 2017, Chairman, Group of Thirty, an independent global council of economic and financial leaders. 2019, Co-Chair of the Advisory Board for the UN's 2019 Human Development Report. Since 2011, Chairman of the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS), Singapore’s central bank and financial regulator. Deputy Chairman, Government of Singapore Investment Corporation (GIC) and Chair of its Investment Strategies Committee. Honorary Fellow, London School of Economics.