Stanford University’s Cyber Policy Center’s International Policy Director, as well as an International Policy Fellow at the university’s Institute for Human-Centered Artificial Intelligence. In addition to that, serves as President of the CyberPeace Institute. 2009 to 2019, Member of European Parliament for the Dutch Liberal Democratic Party, focussing on trade, foreign affairs and technology policies. Regularly speaks at conferences and in international media. Affiliated with a number of non-profits, including the European Council on Foreign Relations and the Observer Research Foundation in India, and writes a bi-weekly column for the Dutch NRC newspaper.