Law degree, Kabul University; Master's in International Affairs, George Washington University, US. Formerly: 2001, Representative, UN peace talks, Bonn; 2001, Spokesman, Loya Jerga. Commissioner, National Human Rights Commission. Chairman, Fair and Free Election Foundation of Afghanistan (FEFA), the largest Afghanistan civil society organization promoting democracy, with 10,000 volunteer observers monitoring elections and parliament, and engaged in advocacy for democracy promotion. Director, Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit (AREU). Member, Board of Editors, International Journal on Transitional Justice. Board Chairman, Open Society Foundation, Afghanistan. Board Member, Afghanistan Education Programs. 2007, Professor, American University of Afghanistan. Fellow, 21 Young Asia Leaders. Recipient of award: Rebook Human Rights Award, Asian Hero, Time Magazine (2004).